Amber is fossilized pine resin, is ancient and valuable, like an antique.
Particularly strong is the demand for amber with insects inside, due to its ability to preserve the characteristics and the DNA of the bodies trapped.
"Amber is like a time capsule created by nature itself," said David Federman, author of Consumer Guide to Colored Gemstones.
"It has helped palaeontologists reconstruct life on earth in its early stages. More than 1,000 extinct species of insects have been identified in".
Already the Stone Age man imbued amber with supernatural powers and used it to wear and to worship. A stone which I keep 'its value and meaning to the Assyrians, Egyptians, Etruscans, Phoenicians and Greeks.
The Greeks called it "electron" meaning "created by the sun": the mythology has it that Phaeton, son of Apollo, convinced his father to allow him to drive the chariot of the sun across the sky for a day, but it went too close to the ground incendiandola.
To save the earth, Zeus struck Phaethon with a thunderbolt and he died when he fell from the sky. The mother and sister turned into a tree to their pain. Their tears, dried by the sun, became Amber.
The Romans sent armies to conquer and control the producing areas. The Emperor Nero was a great connoisseur of amber. In his time, he wrote the Roman historian Pliny, the price of an amber figurine, used to make jewellery, earrings and necklaces, was greater than that of a slave in good health.
E 'a fossilized resin from various species of plants. Amber is from golden yellow to 'golden orange, but it is also green, red, purple and black. From transparent to translucent, occurs in small nodules or masses with irregular shapes.
It becomes electrically charged when rubbed with a cloth and can attract small particles.
It has a hardness of not very high, at 2.5. The main sources of amber on the market today are the Baltic States, Russia, Mexico, Lebanon and the Dominican Republic.
Amber has a strong detoxifying power not only physical but also psychological. Is very useful for severe depression, as its use absorbs negative energy and cancels it.